by James Corbett
June 18, 2014
The idea that the Great Depression was finally brought to an end by
the onset of WWII has been a staple of history textbooks, documentaries
and various war propaganda for decades. This myth continues to be perpetuated to the present day.
The idea that war is good for the economy is, needless to say, a fallacious argument which itself is based on incorrect economic data.
The idea that the economic activity surrounding militarization represents a net economic gain is called the “broken window fallacy.” This fallacy was named and identified by French economist Frédéric Bastiat in his 1850 essay, “That Which is Seen, and That Which is Not Seen,”
in which he imagines the case of a shopkeeper whose careless son breaks
a pane of glass in his shop window. In Bastiat’s example, ‘that which
is seen’ is that the glazier comes, performs the task of fixing the
window, and receives six francs for his effort. Onlookers to the scene
believe that the economy has actually been bolstered by this act of
destruction, since six francs have been spent into it that otherwise
would not have been.
But Bastiat notes that what is important is not what is seen, but
what is not seen: “It is not seen that as our shopkeeper has spent six
francs upon one thing, he cannot spend them upon another. It is not seen
that if he had not had a window to replace, he would, perhaps, have
replaced his old shoes, or added another book to his library. In short,
he would have employed his six francs in some way, which this accident
Similarly, production for war is the broken window fallacy writ
large. Economic “gains” produced by government spending on munitions and
vehicle manufacture and supplying and equipping the troops are not
gains at all; money has merely been diverted to the pockets of the
defense contractors via the political cronies in their back pocket.
So why is this important? Because sadly, this myth is being played on
by the warmongering class to once again push the idea that war is good
and even necessary for economic progress. This time it is not just
manufacture of supplies or munitions that are being touted, but war’s
ability to justify government spending on investment. No matter how
unlikely the threat, or whether it is indeed completely made up, this
warped thinking holds that such lies and exaggerations are the answer to our current economic problems.
Sadly, it is not just intellectual deficients like Paul Krugman making this case. In a new op-ed
in the New York Times, Tyler Cowen of George Mason University argues
that technological advances from nuclear research to rocketry to
internet and robotics have all been spurred by defense spending, and
thus war or threats of war are necessary to continue the advance of
Why these technologies are ends in themselves, or more valuable than
the tens of millions of lives lost in the previous “great wars” is a
question left unexamined. Perhaps more to the point, Cowen never
addresses why such advances could not take place in the absence of war
or without the motivation of advancing the methods of killing as their
What is most fundamentally upsetting about the mindset that justifies
carnage in the name of “economic gain” is that economic gain is usually
measured in abstract concepts like GDP growth or increasing equities
markets that have no or even negative correlation with the livelihood of
the poorest members of society. Income actually shrank
by 0.7% for 99% of Americans during the supposed “recovery” of
2009-2011. For the top 1%, income grew 11.5%. This is the type of “help”
that massive government spending on bank bailouts and other stimulus
measures invariably creates. In times of war, the situation is even more
perverse: money is created as debt owed to the banks, backed up by the
average working taxpayer, to pay politically-connected defense
contractors to create bombs to kill poor brown people on the other side
of the planet. This is called economic progress.
Taken to its logical conclusion, there is only one more effective way of solving the problem of poverty.
After all, if we are willing to believe the lie that sacrificing lives
is good for the economy, why not go that one step further…
Oh man I enjoy articles that make sense. Too often the media and internet is saturated with propaganda and mud slinging, it's good to come across something that challenges your preconceptions and (especially) the things you were taught in school.
Anything can be justified and made to appear to be acceptable - *if* you don't ask any questions about it. In the mind of a rapist his (or her) act is justified. In the mind of a thief their act is justified. In the mind of a war criminal their act was justified. People get very good at believing their own lies, which makes it far easier for you to convince yourself that your actions are "right".
The problem only comes in if you reach a point where you are willing to recognise that you may be wrong, that your belief about who you are is flawed. Once you begin to question your thoughts and actions to determine if everything is the way you always thought that you realise that there is so much that you simply accepted as true without proper thought and consideration.
Take this article on the fallacy of justifying that war is good for economy. Up until you reach the point of being open to consider the information in this article objectively, you may have been of the opinion that wars really do boost the economy. Sure, you may have felt that wars are "bad" and "wrong", but still they didn't seem to be all bad because of the few things that seem good (like "war is good for the economy!").
There are so many things we take for granted as being true - the worst part is how absolutely willing we are to gloss over the details and rubber stamp everything that we come across. It is frighteningly rare to come across a person who challenges those social conventions and norms that are not what they seem to be, nor what we believe them to be.
Our tendency of blindly accepting whatever is put in front of us, in a manner of speaking, does us no good. While we are just going with the flow, the people who are leading us by the noses are heading towards a cliff and have no qualms about shoving the rest of us over the edge into oblivion. If we are to change our fate we must lead ourselves and be willing to question everything in this world so that we may, at the very least, determine what is actually good for us and what is not.